Immunizations prevent the spread of communicable diseases including polio, varicella, measles, mumps, rubella, Hib, hepatitis B, tetanus,
At Nash County Health Department, we offer:
- Free childhood immunizations to qualifying children, available by appointment
- Adult immunizations such as flu, pneumonia, tetanus, and Tdap
- Hepatitis B vaccine for teens up to age 19
- Influenza and pneumonia combined are the fifth leading cause of death in older Americans.
- Before vaccines, many children died from diseases that vaccines now prevent such as
whooping cough, measles, and polio.
- Children need immunizations against 11 diseases by their second birthday.
- In the United
Stated, about 80,000 new hepatitis B cases are reported each year.
- About 100 people die each year in the United States as a result of chickenpox.
- Before the Haemophilus Influenzae type B (Hib) vaccine, the disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain) among children under five years old in the United States.
- In 1945, 175,000 cases of
whooping cough(Pertussis) were reported each year. Between 1980 and 1990, after immunization against this disease began, less than 3,000 cases were reported in the United States.
North Carolina Law
North Carolina law requires that babies begin an immunization series at birth. They need vaccinations at 2, 4, 6, 12, and 15 months of age, and then before they start school. Immunizations protect against hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus
Adults need a tetanus update every ten years. Adults who have never been vaccinated against diphtheria (
Residents who are over 65, who have chronic illnesses, or who just want to protect themselves from the flu, should get a flu vaccination every year and residents over 65 should get one pneumonia shot, which should protect them for life.
"Sometimes parents ask questions about immunization safety but vaccines go through years of testing before the Food and Drug Administration approves licensure," says Bill Hill, Health Director with Nash County Health Department.
"All recommended vaccines are completely safe with common side effects limited to pain and soreness at the infection location and a low-grade fever. And vaccines work; occurrences of diseases like measles, mumps, German measles, polio, diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis have reduced dramatically since the introduction of the each of these vaccines. Most recently the introduction of the Hib vaccine in 1990 reduced the number of bacterial meningitis cases each year from 15,000 to 50."
Hill stated, as well, that people regularly delay childhood vaccinations because of schedule conflicts or because the child has a cold. "The vaccination schedule is as it is to provide maximum protection to an infant whose immune system is still developing. Vaccines should be given on time whenever possible," said Hill.
For more information about vaccines or to make appointments call Nash County Health Department 252-459-9819 or 252-446-0027. You can also contact your physician for information.