Food, Lodging, & Institutional Sanitation
Food Service Establishment Inspection
Food borne illnesses are illnesses that can be transmitted through food or drink. Illnesses can range from minor gastrointestinal discomfort to severe gastrointestinal problems, vomiting, and viruses such as Hepatitis A.
Public health inspections of food service establishments help to prevent food borne illness by:
- Teaching employees safe food-handling techniques
- Grading the establishment based on use of these techniques
- Assisting the establishment in correcting problems which are lowering its rating
Inspections are made at restaurants, meat markets, day cares, mobile food units, and school lunch rooms. Inspections are made two times a year at institutions, once per year in places of confinement such as motels, schools, and some other establishments. Temporary food stands
are permitted and inspected for each event. Ratings are required, by law, to be posted for easy viewing by potential customers, allowing the public to choose the level of risk they want family members to experience when dining out.
Again, restaurants, caterers, school cafeterias, daycare centers, elderly care cafeterias, meat markets, and many others are all inspected to protect residents from food borne illness.
Public Pool Inspection
All public pools are inspected to ensure that pool design and maintenance meet basic health and safety standards. These inspections help ensure a healthy environment for recreation.
Sanitation of Facilities
Public health is also charged with inspection of day cares, summer camps, rest / nursing homes, hospitals, residential care, school buildings, local confinement facilities, tattoo parlors, and lodging facilities. These inspections enforce state rules that vary with different facilities and, at times, include food safety, sanitation, and general safety. Often, public health is just one of multiple agencies that inspect these establishments.